Trepper, Leopold

(1904–1982)
   A Polish Jewish communist, Trepper served successfully as a GRU illegal for two decades. In the 1920s and 1930s he operated in British-occupied Palestine and France. Beginning in 1938, Trepper built and managed a network of agents in Western Europe, which the Nazis referred to as the Red Orchestra. Using as a cover the director of a raincoat company, Trepper oversaw the work of dedicated communists and anti-Fascists from Paris to Berlin. His network provided Joseph Stalin with thousands of pieces of intelligence over the next four years, much of which was ignored prior to Operation Barbarossa. In 1941 and 1942, however, the Red Orchestra provided thousands of accurate reports on German military operations and German industrial production. Trepper was an imaginative and brave operations officer. He once chose an office for his cover company in the same building as the Brussels headquarters of German military counterintelligence (Abwehr), and he traveled throughout Nazi-occupied Europe to meet with his principal agents and radio operators. Trepper had only contempt for Soviet officers provided by Moscow to help his apparatus. In his memoirs, Trepper noted that there was no way to teach a man or women to be an effective spy. One either had imagination and courage, he argued, or one did not.
   When Trepper was arrested by German counterintelligence in Paris in 1942, he pretended to cooperate with them to save his life. He later escaped and, after years of hiding, was repatriated to the Soviet Union, where he was almost immediately sent to prison. He was released following Stalin’s death and later moved to Poland. Due to anti-Semitic campaigns in Poland in the late 1960s, he moved to Israel, where he died in 1982.

Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • TREPPER, LEOPOLD — (Leiba Domb; 1904–1982), former Soviet intelligence agent, head of the anti German spy network known as The Red Orchestra. Trepper was born in Nowy Targ near Zakopane, Poland. He was active in the Polish Communist youth movement and was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Trepper, Leopold — 1904–    Trepper was a Polish Jew who was the head of a Soviet spy network in Belgium. The network was known as the Rote Kapelle, as were other Soviet networks in the west, and was in operation at the time of Barbarossa. Most of the information… …   Who’s Who in World War Two

  • Trepper, Leopold — (1904 82)    Polish head of a spy network. Born in Novy Targ, Galicia, he joined the Hashomer Hatzair youth movement and the Polish communist party. He became the head of Hashomer Hatzair in Silesia and participated in communist youth groups. In… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Léopold Trepper — Leopold Trepper Leopold Zakharovitch Treper (23 février 1904 à Nowy Targ, Pologne – 19 janvier 1982 à Jérusalem), alias Leiba Domb, « Jean Gilbert » et « Le Grand Chef », est un organisateur politique polonais et espion… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • TREPPER (L.) — Léopold TREPPER 1904 1982 Chef de l’Orchestre rouge, le plus important réseau du service de renseignements soviétique durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, connu de la Gestapo sous le nom de Jean Gilbert, fiché à la Sûreté française sous le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Leopold Trepper — Leopold Zakharovitch Trepper (23 février 1904 à Nowy Targ, Pologne – 19 janvier 1982 à Jérusalem), alias Leiba Domb, « Jean Gilbert » et « Le Grand Chef », est un organisateur politique polonais et espion soviétique, ayant… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Leopold Trepper — (* 23. Februar 1904 in Nowy Targ, damals Österreich Ungarn, heute Polen; † 19. Januar 1982 in Jerusalem) war ein polnischer Kommunist, Widerstandskämpfer und Publizist jüdischer Herkunft. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leopold Trepper — (February 23, 1904 January 19, 1982) was an organizer of the Soviet spy ring Rote Kapelle (Red Orchestra) prior to and during World War II. Leopold Trepper was born to a Jewish family on February 23, 1904, in Nowy Targ, Poland (part of Austria… …   Wikipedia

  • Trepper — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Elaine Trepper, namibische SWAPO Politikerin Leopold Trepper (1904 1982), polnischer Kommunist, Widerstandskämpfer und Publizist Lucien Trepper (* 1953), schweizerischer Bogenschütze Wolfgang Trepper (*… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leopold Trepper — Lejb Domb, más conocido por su nombre en clave Leopold Trepper, pero también Gilbert, Otto etc. (Novy Tard, Galitzia, 1904 Jerusalén, 1982), espía judeopolaco, miembro destacado de la Orquesta Roja. Biografía Judío de Novy Trad, pueblo de la… …   Wikipedia Español

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